Castor seed heading for first monthly loss in five months

Castor seed futures are trading under pressure in the current month despite reports of lower acreage, crop damage and good export figures for castor seed derivatives such as oil and meal.Castor-Oil-Seeds2

The most active castor futures for November delivery on National Commodities and Derivative Exchange (NCDEX) is heading for its first monthly fall in five months due to corrections from higher levels as it is affecting export demand. In October, prices are down by 4.6% or Rs 211 to Rs 4,425 per quintal.


Meet 30+ Global Bioplastic Experts at Flagship Conference at Düsseldorf, Germany, 20–22 Oct

Bioplastic Business Breakfast 2016

Organized by Bioplastics Magazine

If you have a professional interest in bioplastics, this event is a must attend. Or, you need to wait for another 3 years!

Venue: Düsseldorf Fairgrounds, Düsseldorf, Germany

The conference presentations focus on a separate area on each day:

Day 1, Oct 20 Bioplastics in packaging
Day 2, Oct 21 PLA: an innovative bioplastic
Day 3, Oct 22 Bioplastic in durable applications

The conference happens from 8 am to 12:30 pm with opportunities to ask your questions and a networking break in between. This conference accompanies the biggest trade show on plastics and rubber, K’2016, which will be taking place on the same days starting at 10:30 am.


Video of the Bioplastic Business Breakfast 2013

Who Should Attend?

  • Entrepreneurs and businesses keen on exploring the business potential in the bioplastics sector
  • Plastic manufacturing firms interested in the bio-based plastics business opportunity
  • Chemical companies keen on exploring how to they can play a role in the bio-based economy
  • Academic and industrial researchers working on bioplastics, biopolymers and biocomposites
  • Government bodies keen on developing an understanding the global bioplastics market to tackle the severe environmental challenges from conventional plastics

Why Should You Attend? The Benefits

  • Meet the Experts: Learn industry developments and trends from the leaders, from top global firms such as NatureWorks and BASF to pioneering researchers, all at one place.
  • Focused Learning: With a separate focus on each of the three days, this is an exceptional opportunity for you to get clarity on terminology, production routes, chemistry and applications of bioplastics.
  • Industry Connections: Form connections with leading bioplastic companies and consultants to help your business plans.

Companies & Organizations Present at the Event

Companies/organizations represented, among others, include:

BASF, Germany NatureWorks, USA Fraunhofer ICT, Germany
Corbion, Netherlands Novamont, Italy nova-Institute, Germany
Michigan State University, USA European Bioplastics Biotec, Germnay
Scion, New Zealand AIMPAS, Spain Mitsubishi Chemical, Japan
DSM, Netherlands SKZ, Germany Sulzer Chemtech, Switzerland

Prominent Experts

  • Marc Vergauwen, NatureWorks – Presenting on The latest INGEO packaging applications and developments

Marc’s career has been in sales and business development. He is currently Global Segment Lead, Rigids, at NatureWorks and had been Commercial Director, Europe, for more than 10 years previously, also at NatureWorks.

  • Sven Wenigmann, BASF – Presenting on Newest compostable packaging solutions based on ecovio®

Sven is currently Research Manager, Safety Engineering at BASF Corporation, U.S. Though his careers, his responsibilities have been in ensuring process safety, assessment of chemical reaction hazards and management of chemists and technicians.

  • Hugo Vuurens, Corbion – Presenting on Innovations in PLA packaging

Hugo is Senior Business Director, Bioplastics, at Corbion. In more than 6 years at Corbion, he has helped the company developed the business of bio-based plastics. In the PLA part of the business, he has been responsible for setting up partnerships throughout the supply chain, among other things. His overall career has been focused on management, including business strategy, international sales and business development.

  • Bert Clymans, Corbion – Presenting on Durable PLA applications

Bert is the Business Development Manager, Europe, at Corbion. After a short technical career, he has been in sales & accounts management since 2012.

  • Ramani Narayan, Michigan State University – Presenting on Messaging biodegradability-compostability – Do’s &Don’t’s

Ramani is a Distinguished Professor at Michigan State University. He is a worldwide authority on biodegradability and plastics. He is the technical expert for the USA on International Standards Organization on Plastics, specifically for terminology and biodegradable plastics. Some of this areas of research: design & engineering of sustainable, bio-based products, biodegradable plastics, bio-fiber reinforced composites, reactive extrusion polymerization and processing, studies in plastic end-of-life options like biodegradation and composting, and carbon footprint calculations for plastics and products

  • Caroli Buitenhuis, Biobased Packaging Innovations – Presenting on Evolutions in bioplastics packaging

Caroli is the Director of Bioplastics and Biobased Packaging, where she advises companies and provide insights into making the right choices around bioplastics and bio-based packaging. She is also the founder of TassenBol, which helped government, retailers, consumers and municipalities to realize environmental change.

  • Chelo Escrig, AIMPLAS – Presenting on Success stories in biodegradable plastics for packaging

Chelo has more than 15 years of experience in the field of extrusion of polymeric materials. Her main lines of research and work are the development and extrusion processing of new materials, the development of biopolymers and thermoplastic composites for various applications such as packaging, construction, agriculture, etc.

  • Francois de Bie, European Bioplastics – Presenting on Current situation of PLA in Europe

Francois, Chairman of European Bioplastics Association and Senior Director – Marketing at Corbion, has held various business leadership roles in B2B environments, having worked previously in GE plastics, SABIC Innovative plastics and EconCore. His responsibilities have included: defining the new PLA business strategy & detailing the business case for forward integration; and operationalizing the new strategic direction.

  • Remy Jongboom, Biotec – Presenting on Bioplast 900, what else?

Remy is the Director of Business Development at Biotec. He has been responsible for the introduction of 2 bioplastic brands and significantly contributed to third, all in market now. His career spans R&D, product development, management, marketing/sales and consultancy on a senior level.

  • Kate Parker, Scion – Presenting on Bioplastics from side streams

Kate, who is a chemist at Scion, is developing new packaging materials using biomaterials. Particular area of interest is biopolymer foams as an alternative to expandable polystyrene.

Other speakers, their organization and presentation in the conference are:

Speaker Company Presentation
Michael Thielen bioplastics MAGAZINE Welcome remarks (on all three days)
Harald Kaeb narocon Market Development in Europe and Government Incentives
Patrick Gerritsen bio4pack Compostable laminates
Emanuela Bardi Taghleef BoPLA flexible film applications in food and non-food packaging
Alberto Castellanza Novamont Mater-Bi: New developments in packaging Applications
Wonja (Jason) Lee Doill ECOTEC Blow moulding of WPC for bottle applications
Jo Kockelkoren Reverdia Enabling bioplastic packaging through application co-development
Nikola Kocić SKZ Degradation of PLA during long-term storage
Steve Davies NatureWorks (t.b.c.) Latest INGEO  developments (feedstock, resin grades, applications)
Emmanuel Rapendy Sulzer Chemtech From bench to industrial scale
Nikola Kocić SKZ Modification of PLA for extrusion applications
Björn Bermann Fraunhofer ICT PLA modifications – new recipes make fit for new applications
Jan  Noordegraaf Synbra  (t.b.c.) An expanding update on BioFoam E-PLA foam applications (t.b.c.)
John Leung Biosolutions PLA foam coffee cup
Jacek Lecinski IfBB Recycling of PLA in the Pre-Consumer sector
Kristy Barbara Lange European Bioplastics Current situation of bioplastics for durable applications in Europe
Frank Diodato NatureWorks Bioplastics in ABS replacement markets/applications, incl. 3D printing
N.N. Mitubishi Chemical (t.b.d.) Durabio engineering bioplastics (t.b.c.)
Caroline Mitterlehner DSM Keep water safe – EcoPaXX in (drinking) water contact applications
Daniel Ganz Sukano Sustainability without compromises – Discover Sukano’s solutions and vision
Dirk Schawaller Tecnaro Biobased materials for durable applications
Daniela Jahn IfBB Switching to biomaterials – an holistic approach
Patrick Zimmermann FKuR Biobased TPE for innovative applications
Michael Carus nova-Institute Why bio-based? Forgotten and new answers


The conference fee is € 299.00 for one day, € 449.00 for two days and € 499 for all three days (VAT extra, where applicable).

Register now for the Event!

Send a note to Vijay Wilfred at or call him at +91-9994699951 for registration.

Visit this link to know more about the conference. Registration also gives you access to the K’2016 trade show.

Media partner: logo

Castor Seed Price Weekly Report: November 10-14, 2014

The weekly report of castor seed price at NCDEX from

There was an instability in the price of castor seed during the week. For more details, check out the table and the graphical data.

Price Date
Rupees per Quintal
10 Nov 4697.30
11 Nov 4734.50
12 Nov 4778.80
13 Nov 4751.45
14 Nov 4732.75

Nov 10-14










Castor Seed Price Weekly Report: October 27- 31, 2014

The price of castor seed at NCDEX had been increasing constantly.

The castor seed was being sold at Rs. 4613 per quintal earlier in the week. At the end of the week the price shot upto Rs. 4812 per quintal.

Price Date Price  per quintal
31 Oct 2014 4812.5
30 Oct 2014 4675
29 Oct 2014 4625
28 Oct 2014 4613

castor seed price weekly report


Arkema Launches Oleris, a Castor Based Product For the Cosmetics Market

Arkema draws on the benefits of its Orgasol® and Rilsan® cosmetics powders to develop skincare products for men, unveiled for the first time at the In Cosmetics trade fair held recently in Paris (Porte de Versailles). This tradeshow also provided an opportunity to share the findings of a clinical trial that demonstrates the moisturizing benefits of the Orgasol® Hydra+ powder in a new healthy glow extra-soft powder formulation, and the latest innovations in its Orgasol® and Rilsan® fine powder ranges, in an approach that perfectly integrates the Group’s CSR strategy. Also Oleris®, a vegetable oil origin range of chemicals, processed from castor oil, used in many cosmetic applications, were also presented.


Oleris® Methyl Undecylenate and Oleris® Undecylenic Acid find interesting applications, through their derivatives in cosmetics applications like hair care, deodorant, beauty creams, etc.New in 2013 : Oleris® Undecylenic acid and Oleris® Methyl Undecylenate are both compliant with the raw materials standard that can be used in the formulation of cosmetics certified according to the Natural and Organic ECOCERT standard.

This year also, Oleris® family is enhanced with Oleris® Sebacic acid, synthesis intermediate for sebacates esters can find interesting applications in cosmetics as emollients, masking agent, film forming agent, hair or skin conditioning agent, SPF Booster, etc.

Castor oil for natural health

Though we mainly know it as one of Edgar Cayce’s most famous remedies, castor oil has a long history of traditional medical use dating back to ancient Egypt. Derived from the castor bean, the oil was traditionally used internally as a laxative. However, now it is primarily used externally due to its potential toxicity.

A castor oil pack is placed on the skin to increase circulation and to promote elimination and healing of the tissues and organs underneath the skin. It is used to stimulate the liver, relieve pain, increase lymphatic circulation, reduce inflammation, and improve digestion.

Castor oil packs are a traditional holistic treatment for a range of conditions, such as: cholecystitis (inflammation of the gall bladder), poor eliminations, epilepsy, various liver conditions such as cirrhosis and torpid liver, scleroderma, headaches, appendicitis, arthritis, incoordination between assimilations and eliminations, colitis, intestinal disorders such as stricture and colon impaction, incoordination between nervous systems, neuritis, and toxemia.

Castor oil packs are made by soaking a piece of flannel in castor oil and placing it on the skin. The flannel is covered with a sheet of plastic, and then a hot water bottle is placed over the plastic to heat the pack.

A castor oil pack can be placed on the following body regions:

The right side of the abdomen to stimulate the liver; inflamed and swollen joints, bursitis, and muscle strains; the abdomen to relieve constipation and other digestive disorders; the lower abdomen in cases of menstrual irregularities and uterine and ovarian cysts.

Safety precautions: Castor oil should not be taken internally. It should not be applied to broken skin, or used during pregnancy, breastfeeding, or during menstrual flow.


Some interesting links

Building Energy Analytics

Some Innovative & Unique Solar Power

Emerging Castor Derivatives – Is Sebacic Acid the Only Bright Spot?

I had been to the global castor conference at Ahmedabad (Gujarat) a few weeks back.

This being pretty much the only noteworthy global gathering for the castor oil and castor oil derivatives industry, one would place a significant emphasis on what was said during the conference, as you had a good number of experts from around the world.

In addition to knowing what the perspectives were on castor crop area, yield data and demand-supply and price estimates, one of the key insights I was looking forward to from the conference were insights on emerging castor oil derivatives, especially the generation II and generation III derivatives.

While I tend to agree with many of the views expressed, especially in terms of castor seed and oil output from India, seed and oil spot and futures pricing, one aspect where I am quite circumspect is the perspectives shared by experts on castor oil derivatives.

The overwhelming impression I got from many of the speakers is that the growth in demand of castor oil in the last few years was mainly spurred by a significant increase in sebacic acid production and demand. This is something we all could agree with. Sebacic acid demand, from our estimates, is about 50,000 T per year, quite considerable indeed, given that the total castor oil output worldwide is only in the order of 650,000 T per year. So we are talking about 8% of total oil production going into sebacic acid, quite impressive.

While we all agree on the experts’ view that sebacic acid having was the real mover in the last few years, their other perspective in the context of sebacic acid was probably not slam -dunk. Most of the experts felt that the growth in sebacic acid demand had started plateauing (which is agreed), but they extrapolated this reasoning to state that one could not expect significant acceleration any longer in castor oil demand, as there were few or no other new derivatives that could spur the use of castor oil to the extent that sebacic acid did.

Prima facie, it appears what they are saying is true. Sebacic acid has been the only second gen derivative that had been making news, and currently we at don’t see another derivative matching it. But this is based on current wisdom and history.

Is it true that IN THE NEAR FUTURE there are few derivatives on the horizon that could match the potential of sebacic acid, which incidentally was predominantly used for the manufacture of polyamide?

As I said before, if you were to go by history as a guide, you would tend to agree with the experts.

But there are three aspects that make me think that sebacic acid is the beginning, and not the end of a good era of castor derivatives. The following are the reasons for my inference.

Experts’ View Might not be the Last Word

Most of the experts who spoke at the conference were from the trading/commercial side, and the few manufacturers who spoke appeared to be the conventional castor companies than raring-to-go new generation specialty chemicals companies.

Most of the above stakeholders have more to protect from their existing investments than to gain from new explorations. One would hence not expect breakthrough or emerging ideas to come first from these segments.

At the same time, we have received quite a number of qualified prospects from around the world who had taken our help in preliminary research for high potential castor oil derivatives outside of sebacic acid.

Non Sebacic Acid & Non-PA Derivatives & Applications Already Show Significant Promise

Last few months, a small team at has been doing focussed research on emerging castor oil derivatives.

Based on this research, outside of polyamides, we have chronicled a few other end products that are showing significant growth potential. Check out a recent white paper we brought out recently based on this research, the Castor Master.

Of special mention among emerging derivatives are polyamides, polyurethanes, and personal care products – Hair care, deodorant, beauty creams using derivatives such as Methyl Undecylenate and Undecylenic Acid.

You might question why I include polyamides in emerging category if it is already a mainstream derivative. I include polyamides while discussing emerging derivatives because they have a significant upside potential even from the position they are in right now.

For instance, this is what our white paper on emerging applications of castor oil derivatives has to say about the growth potential of polyamides and polyurethanes.

“Many major nylon producers have introduced castor-oil based long-chain nylons into their overall portfolio because of their unique properties and sustainability appeal. In Europe, PA 6,10 is becoming a popular bio-based polyamide. Producers of PA 6,10 include Arkema, Evonik, BASF, EMS-Chemie, DuPont and Solvay.

Lux Research points out automotives as a large potential market for bioplastics. The firm says that about 12 percent of the mass of a vehicle is made up of polymers.”

12% of a car’s mass is a lot when you realize that there are close to 100 million cars sold each year (83 million were sold in 2013)!

And it is not just autos where castor derivatives based polymers find increasing application.

As we narrate in our recent white paper Castor Master, outside of autos, other sectors where castor oil based polymers are finding increasing applications are in sportswear, electronics and cosmetics.

Moving out of polyamides, let’s look at the other significant sector where castor oil derivatives are growing fast: Hair care, deodorant & beauty creams. You could classify all these under cosmetics.

The global personal care market size is about $500 billion. And the organic cosmetics market (which is an indicator of how castor derivatives will perform in this sector) is about $10 billion. A large part of the personal care is cosmetics, perfumes and related, thus what is clear is organic products form less than 5% of the total market for cosmetics.

At the same time, if there is one area outside of food where organics are expected to grow much faster, it is the cosmetics sector, as this is another area where the product touches the body (in the case of food, it goes into the body!).

Owing to the above reasoning, while the other emerging derivatives/end uses especially for the personal care industry might not currently contribute as much as sebacic acid does, it could be an entirely different story in terms of their growth potential.

All these indicate that the emerging potential goes much further beyond just sebacic acid.

Supply Chain, and Not Potential Markets, Might be the Constraint

When I spoke to some of the experts offline or on the sidelines (most of them from manufacturing side), they expressed a slightly perspective different from what they said when they were on stage.

My question to them was: Do they see potential for other second and higher generation castor oil derivatives in the near future, outside of sebacic acid. And the answer was: Inherently, yes.

They said it was not that there were not prospects for other derivatives. In fact, many companies in the developed world were keen on investing in new applications for castor oil based derivatives. The constraint had more to do with the supply chain risk.

Let me explain: In essence, they felt one of the reasons manufacturers are not risking investments in new derivatives was owing to the fact India was pretty much the only exporter of castor oil in the world today (almost 90% for 2013-14). And Indian exporters have not had a great record in supply reliability or price reliability, the latter (price) being a bigger concern.

One cannot deny that the “supply chain monopoly” is a real problem for any large company keen on investing in castor oil derivatives. In fact, in 2010, I had helped out a large European firm who had sent their business head for castor based polymers to India because they were even exploring if there were ways by which they could have some control over the production of castor oil in India to ensure supply reliability.

So, that’s my submission on why I feel sebacic acid is not the only higher generation castor derivative worth talking about:

1. The experts at the conference, while certainly of high quality, probably do not represent the full diversity of stakeholders keen on growing the castor industry

2.’s own research shows significant potential for non-sebacic acid derivatives in another large domain – personal care

3. The real reason for non-development of other derivatives could have more to do with supply chain reliability than anything else.

Of the three reasons mentioned above, the supply chain constraint is one of real concern. However, my feeling is that this will get sorted out over the next 3-5 years, as many large Indian castor oil producers have been sensitized to this concern and I am sure they will buck themselves up, as the next generation of family members take over the reins in some of the large castor oil producers.

In addition, based no the work is doing for some clients around the world, it is my firm opinion too that in 4-5 years from now, there will be a few other countries in the world which would started forming significant supply bases.

My Summary?

Based on all the above, my inference in the context of castor oil derivatives is as follows:

For the next couple of years, most of what you hear in the context of higher generation castor derivatives is sebacic acid, but the story could be quite different after that..

If you are running a business in castor oil or are keen to get into castor derivatives, just make sure you remember that inference!




Global Castor Conference, Feb 2014, Ahmedabad

Contributor: Narasimhan Santhanam, Cofounder & Director,

The Global Castor Conference 2014 was held in Ahmedabad on 22nd Feb 2014. I on behalf of attended the conference.

This conference is by far the largest and most prestigious castor congregation in the world, so it was a pleasure to be present there.

This is the first of a series of blog posts I plan to write on the conference.

In this post, I will provide an overview of what happened at the conference and following this up in the next few days with details and inputs from specific sessions at the conference, and also from my interactions with a number of experts present there.


The conference had about 450 industry professionals participating, from around the world. Pretty much every important entity in the world of castor was present physically or virtually (through video conference).

The conference itself was a fairly brief affair, just one day (Feb 22nd) and five sessions.

Brief details of each session presented in this post.

Inaugural Session

Welcome Address: Vijay Data, President SEA (Solvent Extractors Association)

Brief Overview of the Castor Industry – Abhay Udeshi, Chairman, SEA Castor Seed, SEA Castor Seed & Oil Promotion Council

Address by Guests of Honour

  • Samir Shah – MD, National Commodities & Derviatives Exchange (he was replaced by a lady from the same organization)
  • Suresh Kotak , Chairman, Kotak Group of Companies

Keynote Address

  • Bhakul Dholakia, Director, Adani Institute of Infra Management

Address by Chief Guest

  • Ramesh Abhishek. Chairman, Forward Market Commission

Vote of Thanks

  • Atul Chaturvedi, Co-chairman, SEA Castor Seed & Oil Promotion Council

Picture of Inagural Session

Picture of the Inaugural Session

Global Castor Oil Consumption Outlook & Emerging Trend

Moderator: G Chandrashekar, Commodities Editor, Hindu Business Line, Mumbai


  • India: Atul Chaturevedi, Adani Wilmar, Ahmedabad
  • Europe: Hans Boloney, Technical Oils, Nidera, Netherlands
  • China: Wu Zhidong, Kong Associate
  • World: Thomas Mielke, Iste Mielke GmbH (Video presentation)

Thomas_Video Conference

Pic from the above session – L-r – Hans,
Chandrashekar, Atul, Wu. Thomas was thru video conference

Indian Castor Seed & Oil Scenario & Expectation

  • Moderator – Haresh Vyas, Royal Castor Products
  • Vikram Udeshi (Jayant Agro Organics) – Industry perspective
  • Pankaj Kumar (Adani Wilmar) – Industry perspective
  • Manoj Agarwal, Kedarnath Corp, Palanpur, Trader – Trader’s perspective
  • Alok Agarwal, Babulal Bajragnglal, Sumerpur, Trader – Trader’s perspective
  • Prahlad Singh Champavat, Farmer, Aravali Dist – Farmer’s perspective
  • Maganbhai Patel, Farmer, Palanpur – Farmer’s perspective
  • Abhisek Govilkar, Vice President. NCDEX – Exchange perspective

Pic from the castor seed & oil scenario expectation session

Pic from the castor seed & oil scenario expectation session

 Indian Castor Crop Survey (2013-14)

Naresh pednekar & Suresh Sawant – Nielsen (India)

Castor Oil Price Forecast

Nagraj Meda – Transgraph Consulting, Hyderabad

Castor Oil Price Outlook 2014 – Panel Discussion

Moderator: Shvetal Vakil from Mumbai


  • Atul Chaturvedi, Adani Wilmar
  • Abhay Udeshi, Jayant Agro Organics
  • Kanubhai Thakkar, Gokul Refoils & Solvents
  • Hans Bolomey, Technical Oils, Nidera, Netherlands
  • T. Tantiponganant, Thai Castor Industries, Bangkok
  • James Bray, Fuerst Day Lawson, London
  • Timm Wiegmann, Alberdingki Boley GmbH, Germany

L – r – Atul Chaturvedi (Adani Wilmar), Timm Wiegmann (Alberdingki Boley GmbH), James Bray (Fuerst Day Lawson), T. Tantiponganant (Thai Castor Oil), Shvetal Vakil, , Hans Bolomey (Technical Oils, Nidera, Netherlands), Kanubhai Thakkar (Gokul Refoils & Solvents), Abhay Udeshi (Jayant Agro Organics)

A Pic of the Global Castor Constellation – the global big shots all at one place


And finally, the not so big shots :-) – Me (right) and Rajiv Ram who had come from LMC, UK


This post was written by Narasimhan Santhanam, Cofounder & Director,

Some interesting links

Building Energy Analytics

Some Innovative & Unique Solar Power


Bioplastics in the Automotive Market

The recent high cost of petro-based feedstock and polymers coupled with advances in new technologies like biotechnology, nanotechnology, green chemistry and material science have set the pace rolling for the revival of bio-based materials.Now, automotive companies are making a major effort to reintroduce plant-based plastics as a way of reducing their reliance on foreign oil and improving their environmental footprint.

Lightweighting’ is a hot topic for the automotive industry and the main reason why plastics have continuously been used to substitute heavier materials such as metals. Beyond the benefits of reduced weight, the future lies in choosing the most resource efficient plastics, i.e. bioplastics. Besides these evident advantages, e.g. biobased performance polymers (biobased polyesters/biobased polyamides) feature all the performance criteria important to high quality car components.

Prominent companies  and their efforts in bioplastic automotive car parts manufacturing

  • A front-runner in adopting bioplastics is Japanese car manufacturer Toyota which uses bioplastics such as biobased polyesters, biobased PET, and PLA-blends in its production process
  • Italian manufacturer Fiat is another major player in the automotive industry relying on biobased plastics. Fiat used castor oil-derived long chain polyamides to replace their fossil based equivalent in more than one million vehicles; the company plans to further increase this number.
  • Faurecia and Mitsubishi Chemical have announced a joint programme for developing a bioplastic based on biobased PBS that can be used in mass-production for automotive interior parts, such as door panels, trim and strip, structural instrument panels, air ducts, door panel and console inserts.
  • In 2011, BASF and Ford teamed up to develop a sustainable, plant-sourced castor oil-based foam product for the 2012 Ford Focus instrument panel


Read more :

Some interesting links

Building Energy Analytics

Some Innovative & Unique Solar Power