In 1950’s, castor was a crop of low value and was primarily grown in dry areas of Andhra Pradesh, a state in southern India. But over the years, the center of castor production has shifted to Gujarat, a state in western India. Interestingly enough, most of the increase in castor production has come from Gujarat where this crop has become a major cash crop in the farmers’ portfolio.
In this article (http://bit.ly/12ElJ4R), various policy parameters which enabled castor crop to become an economic success in Gujarat were studied. The policy overview suggests that the success was a combination of a good breeding program, a good extension model, coupled with access to well-developed national and international markets.
Read More: http://bit.ly/12ElJ4R
In this study, preparation of novel antibacterial and cytocompatible polyurethane membranes for occlusive dressing, which can provide moist and sterile environment over mild exudative wounds is considered. An epoxy-terminated polyurethane (EPU) prepolymer based on castor oil and glycidyltriethylammonium chloride (GTEAC) as a reactive bactericidal agent were synthesized. Polyurethane membranes were prepared through cocuring of EPU and different content of GTEAC with 1,4-butane diamine. The physical and mechanical properties, as well as cytocompatibility and antibacterial performance of prepared membranes were studied. Read – http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jbm.a.34672/abstract
In Jamaica, the Government is collaborating on a project with Noranda Jamaica Bauxite Partners, to demonstrate the viability of the biofuels industry, using mined out bauxite lands to grow oil-producing crops such as castor and palm.The collaboration involves the Petroleum Corporation of Jamaica (PCJ), and the Scientific Research Council (SRC), Jamaica.
BMW recently introduced its new BMW i3 electric car, constructed from the next-generation materials. The car is made of carbon fibre and reinforced plastics on a light aluminium chassis to reduce weight. The source material of the electric car’s key is also sustainable and is based on a biopolymer obtained from castor oil pressed from castor seeds.
Some of the car’s sustainability features:
1. Dashboard wood trim crafted from responsibly-forested eucalyptus.
- Instrument panel surround and door trim use fibers from Kenaf plant
- Carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) roof panel is made partially with recycled CFRP from manufacturing process of other component
- 25% of plastic used in interior comprised of recycled materials.
2. CFRP components are sustainably produced in Moses Lake, WA, USA, where the factory uses hydroelectric power.
3. Olive-leaf extract is used to tan interior leather surfaces.
Read More –http://www.egmcartech.com/2013/07/29/bmw-reveals-its-much-anticipated-production-version-of-the-2014-i3-city-runabout-to-begin-sales-in-2014/
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In India, Castor seed futures have bounced back and were trading with good gains, as traders increased their positions tracking a pick up in the demand for the commodity. Further expectation of improving demands from paint and lubrication industries also supported the upside. The contract for August delivery was trading at Rs 3248.00, up by 0.37% or Rs 12.00 from its previous closing of Rs 3236.00.
Read More : http://www.indian-commodity.com/commodities/other-commodities/castor-seed-futures-bounce-back-on-pickup-in-demand.aspx
The trend castor seed futures for August delivery on India’s National Commodity and Derivatives Exchange (NCDEX) is negative and further downward movement is expected from current levels. NCDEX castor seed for August 2013 delivery was seen trading down by 0.32% at Rs.3480 per 100 kgs on July 18.
Read More: http://www.commodityonline.com/news/ncdex-castor-seed-negative;-soy-oil-may-remain-bearish-in-near-term-55500-3-55501.html
An understanding of yield components is critical to the successful development of castor cultivars (Ricinus communis L.) adapted for different cropping systems (such as mechanical harvest) and growing regions.
In this article, a detailed study was made on the changes occurring in the castor oil yield components in response to irrigation. The experiments were conducted in Lubbock, TX in 2009 and 2010. Six castor cultivars highly divergent in seed weight, plant height, and number of racemes were cultivated on a subsurface irrigation system with total water (including precipitation) varying from 188 to 897 mm. Seeds were harvested, counted, and weighed from individual racemes. Irrigation increased seed yield in all the cultivars. Read More: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0926669013001726
A wholly-owned subsidiary of US-based BioPower Operations, has agreed to develop a castor plantation and milling operation in Paraguay. Under the terms of the agreement Ambrosia, a development company, will provide the land, pay costs for the testing and give BioPower a monthly project management fee and reimbursement of expenses during the test period for subcontractors on the ground in Paraguay.
BioPower will provide project management testing services through the testing phase for up to 12 months until the successful certification of the yield from growing castor is proven, subject to material and adverse events.
Once the project is approved then, under the Castor Master Farm Management Services agreement, $10 million will be invested from Ambrosia towards the building, development and operations of the castor plantation and mill. BioPower will either earn 6% of the net income for 10 years or have an option to become a 20% owner of the project.
Kenyan based castor company – Biossal, uses castor as a primary feedstock for their local needs for fuel production. The company has entered into an agreement with Kenya Industrial Research and Development Institute (KIRDI), to research biofuel manufacturing processes and castor seed oil yields.
The company claims that the castor fuel produced by them can be used to fire boilers like those used in big schools or institutions such as hospitals or police, prisons or army camps In addition, Biossal aims to review the technical feasibility of turning castor bean waste into briquettes, livestock feed and fertilizer with the technical support of Climate Innovation Center, Kenya.
Solvent Extractors Association of India (SEA) had demanded that castor oil along with other oil seeds included in the list of commodities exempted from the commodities transaction tax. However, the government has notified that commodities transaction tax (CTT) of 0.01% to be levied on all derivative contracts of non-agricultural commodities w.e.f 1st July, 2013. 23 specified agri-commodities have been exempted from CTT including cotton seed oil cake, copra, rape/mustard seed, soyabean and soya meal.