Italian synthetic fibre business Fulgar has launched a new high performance nylon fibre made from biopolymer extracted from castor oil seed.
The fibre, Evo, is suitable for all applications, particularly, for the sports sector as it is ultra-light, stretchy and easily breathable.
Castor oil manufacturing is similar to that of other oil seeds and hence it can be manufactured by utilizing the existing equipments that are locally available. The castor seeds contain about 48 – 50% oil by weight. After extraction, the oil can be further processed to get a number of derivatives which can be used in various industrial applications. The average seed yields range from 900 – 1000 kg/ha under irrigation.
India is the leading producer of castor seeds followed by China. Fuerst Day Lawson is pioneering in castor oil supply in Europe, with over 40 years’ experience buying directly from the producers of India, China and Brazil.
Castor oil, is not only as a lubricant, but also play a vital role in the polymer industry as it is gives polyamide-nylon 11.
The global market for generation II castor oil derivatives is estimated at about $300 million. Some of the high yielding varieties of castor oil in India are NPH-1 (Aruna), GAUCH-4 and TMVCH.
Know more from Comprehensive Castor Oil Report
Genomatic, a U.S. Biotech company, has planned to develop technologies for the production of bio-based nylon intermediates- hexamethylenediamine, caprolactam and adipic acid. Approximately, revenue of $18 billion is bagged by these three chemicals every year.
The company has been involved in a several experiments, to study the
production of nylon intermediates by various microorganisms. The research team of Genomatic is basically trying to demonstrate the metabolic pathways, efficient methods of production and recovery of these intermediates. Source
Castor oil based nylon has a relatively low density for a polyamide, good low temperature impact strength and good dimensional stability. Know more on the nylon intermediates from castor oil
German chemical giant BASF has said it will now offer its bio-based nylon, which is derived from castor oil, in a version suitable for monofilament applications that can be used for textile fibres. Castor oil based sebacic acid is used to produce the company’s Ultramid® S Balance.
The high performance polyamide 6.10, partly based on renewable resources, is available in various viscosities. In compounded and glass-fiber reinforced versions, BASF has already introduced the material in different commercial applications, e.g. in a design lamp or automotive quick connectors.
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This post at Castoroil.in briefs a few excerpts from an article at the Contract Flooring Journal, which was narrated on biobased flooring. The author explains his experience at Ecobuild, which is one of the world’s biggest events for sustainable design, construction and the built environment and presents interesting insights on biobased flooring and sustainability.
The author sees castor bean plant as one of the most important plant sources of bio-chemicals. Some of the companies using castor based flooring products, which exhibited at the show include :
- Interface- Fotosfera ( Offers two pile weight micro tufted or pattern loop carpet tile products which features nylon 6:10 pile of which 63% is castor oil based)
- Vorwerk (Offers ‘RE/COVER green’ which is a bio chemical based resilient florring targetted at the vinyl flooring market)
The author also brings his views on Desso, a company which makes its products, using the concept of “CRADLE TO CRADLE” – ( A biomimetic approach to the design of products and systems) Desso has partnered with Aquafil nylon recycling facility and manufactures Econyl, a 100% recycled yarn in 60% of its carpet tile range. Desso has also developed its equipment and capability to process more than 3000 tonnes of used carpet material through its Take Back Programme.
To read the article , click here – http://bit.ly/19cZBM8
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