Luxury Jersey Chooses EVO by Fulgar

After sportswear and casualwear, high end fashion textiles sector is showing interest towards sustainability. Italian’s leading producer of high quality knitted fabrics, Luxury Jersey has chosen to partner with Fulgar, for the creation of its most recent product, NAL0064 made with EVO, the innovative bio-based yarn by Fulgar.fabrics_215648

EVO, an innovative biobased yarn developed by Fulgar is made from castor oil. It is suitable for any textile application and ideal for sportswear. It is ultra-light, super stretch and extremely breathable.

More

Overview of Bioplastics – Classifications, Feedstock, Uses, End of Life Options – Bioplastics Guide

The Bioplastics Guide, which was started by EAI as a specialized division to provide strategy and market consulting for the bioplastics and biopolymers segments, has a useful section that provides an overview of bioplastics.

The following are the main topics discussed in this section:

  • Bioplastics and its classification
  • Feedstock used to make Bioplastics
  • Biodegradable plastics
  • Non-Biodegradable plastics
  • Bioplastics and its end-use segments
  • End-life options for bioplastics
  • Bioplastics – Markets and Trends
  • Standards and Certifications available for Bioplastics
  • Consulting for Bioplastics

Read more from this page @ Bioplastics Guide

Selective Conversion of Castor Oil Derived Ricinoleic Acid Methyl Ester into Jet Fuel

Recent research shows production of jet fuel from ricinoleic acid methyl ester.

Experiments conducted earlier have shown the possibility of producing jet fuel from Jet-Fuelcastor oil or hydro processing castor oil.

Now scientists from China have found that jet fuel could be produced from castor oil derived ricinoleic acid methyl ester. A unique hydroxyl group in the ricinoleic acid chain induced a special thermal rearrangement reaction in medium chain fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) and heptanal formation. This reaction was used as a starting point for the production of jet fuel.

Results showed that the carbon selectivity in the castor oil to jet fuel process was as high as 90%.

More

New Improved Castor Oil Fatliquoring Agent

Castor oil in water emulsions, also known as fatliquors are used for lubrication of tanned leather fibres to get softness and improve strength properties. Fatliquoring agents are usually obtained by chemical modification.

Now scientists have performed an experiment using nano-TiO2 as emulsifying agent. imagesThe fatliquoring agent based on castor oil was prepared using nano-TiO2 as emulsifying agent by mechanical mixing. Thus castor oil/nano-TiO2 composite fatliquoring agent (CTF) was obtained via Pickering emulsion method.

Pickering emulsion method is the process of preparing emulsion that is stabilized by solid particles which adsorb onto the interface between the two phases.

Results showed that the addition of nano-TiO2 stabilized the emulsion and the application of emulsion in the leather fatliquoring process of goatskin garment improved the physical and mechanical properties of leather. Also, CTF was biodegradable compared to chemically modified castor oil fatliquoring agent.

More

New Medicated Soap from Castor

Recent study has found the production of medicated soap from castor oil.

Medicated soaps are those used for bathing, and contains additives that helps kill germs and other microorganisms. They can also have other functions like skin toning and age defying effects. Generally all types of soaps are prepared using caustic soda.

Now scientists from Nigeria have performed an experiment to produce medicated soap castor oilfrom castor oil extract. Castor oil was extracted via soxhlet extractor and the characterization studies were carried out. It was found that the acid value and saponification value of the oil were between the ranges of values specified by ASTM.

The soap produced gave a pH of 8.9 and the antibacterial activity of the soap on the bacterial isolate Staphylococcus aureus showed a greater inhibition zone, thus concluding that a highly effective soap can be produced from castor oil.

Source

Production of Oriented Strand Board (OSB) with Schizolobium amazonicum and Castor Oil Based Polyurethane Resin

Researchers from Brazil performed an experiment to evaluate the feasibility of OSB Castor oilpanel production Parica (Schizolobium amazonicum) wood particles bonded by castor oil based polyurethane resin. Three different resin contents (8%, 10% and 12%) were evaluated.

Results showed that panels produced with 8% of resin content were best as they were compatible with norm requirements and used less resin in the manufacturing process. Thus Parica wood and castor oil based polyurethane resin in the OSB panels production is feasible.

Source

Fulgar Develops Castor Oil-Based Fibre

Italian synthetic fibre business Fulgar has launched a new high performance nylon fibreFulgar made from biopolymer extracted from castor oil seed.

The fibre, Evo, is suitable for all applications, particularly, for the sports sector as it is ultra-light, stretchy and easily breathable.

Source

Emerging Application of Castor oil in Personal Care Sector

Castor oil and derivatives are widely used in soaps, creams (tretinoin), shampoos, perfumes, lip gels, lipsticks, hair oils, deodorants, lubricants, sunscreens, and other personal care products.

It has been used in skin care products for centuries, and continues to play an important part in soaps and cosmetics.

Cosmetics manufacturers use castor oil and its derivatives in formulating non-comedogenic cosmetics (cosmetics that don’t exacerbate or contribute to acne) and emollients.

The major companies using castor oil for cosmetics are given in the table.

Company Country Products castor derivatives used in Derivative Used
Lavera USA Deodorants, body lotion, sunscreen Zinc ricinoleate and HCO
Avene USA Deodorant Zinc ricinoleate
Jason USA Body lotion and deodorants Zinc ricinoleate
Arkema France Hair care, beauty creams Undecylenic acid
Aveya Beauty USA Hair care products Castor oil basic grades
Worlee Cosmetics Germany Natural exfoliants HCO

The global demand for organic personal care products is expected to reach $13.2 billion by 2018, growing at a CAGR of 9.6 per cent.

Castor today contributes only a small % to this sector, but the potential is much higher.

Applications of Castor oil in Specialty Chemicals and Biofuels Market

Castor Oil for Specialty Chemicals

Specialty chemicals market is a $700 billion + market worldwide, with high profit margins.

Given castor oil unique versatility, there could be a number of niche applications within specialty chemicals, other than the ones already exploited.

More “entrepreneurial” research needs to be undertaken in this direction.

Castor Oil for Biofuels

While there has been a lot of debate about the use of castor oil for biodiesel, we feel that it is not a viable route. Sure, technically castor oil might be suitable to make biodiesel, except perhaps for its high kinematic viscosity, which could even be taken care of during transesterification.

The more important dimensions are the economics and volumes which make castor oil quite unattractive as a feedstock for biodiesel:

  • Economics – Price of biodiesel needs to be in the range $900-$1000 per ton; price of castor oil alone is $1300/T.
  • Volumes – World produces about 20 million T of biodiesel every year; world castor oil production is less than 1 million T!

In fact, we have been generous on the price aspect. If the current downtrend in crude prices continues, biodiesel might have to sell at less than $700 per T. We dont see how castor oil could support such a price.

On volumes, castor is produced in such small quantities, it really is going to make little difference overall to the biodiesel market.

And when especially the same castor oil oil could be sold at a much higher price to end users who would be willing to pay a much higher price for the oil or the derivative, we do not see how castor oil biodiesel could work out on any sizable scale.

Current Applications of Castor Oil & Derivatives

Castor has one of the most diverse set of applications among all plant oils.

This post reviews and summarises the key current applications of castor oil and derivatives. Another post of mine looks at emerging applications of castor oil derivatives.

The current applications of prominent castor oil derivatives.

Blown Castor Oil Potential replacement for phthalates, used primarily as a plasticizer for lacquers, inks, adhesives, hydraulic fluids and leathers.
Sulfated/Sulfonated Castor Oil Synthetic detergent, used in bath oil recipes along with fragrance or essential oils, or in shampoos, used in agriculture as organic manure
Hydrogenated Castor Oil Used in polishes, cosmetics, electrical capacitors, carbon paper, lubrication, and coatings and greases, use in cosmetics, hair dressing, ointments
Sebacic Acid Sebacic acid and hexamethylene diisocyanate produce Nylon 6-10, used as an intermediate for aromatics, antiseptics and painting materials
Ricinoleic Acid Uses include, coatings, plastics, inks and cosmetics, Ricinoleate soaps have been patented as algaecides for aquaculture systems.
2-Octanol(Capryl alcohol) Main raw material for some esters, used as a solvent, dehydrater and antibubbling agent,  used as fiber oil
Castor Seed Residue, also called Castor Meal Fertilizer and as fuel
12-Hydroxy Stearic Acid (12-HSA) Used in grease manufacture, plastics lubrication.
Dehydrated Castor Oil (DCO) Used to improve the quality of house paints, enamels, caulks, sealants and inks. It is used as primary binder for house paints, enamels, caulk sealant, and making varnishes