Do’s and Don’ts of Castor Cultivation

Here is a brief blog post which helps the castor farmers to understand the do’s and do not’s while cultivating castor. Article excerpts from

  • For proper tilth and good seed bed preparation, plough the land immediately after pre-monsoon showers followed by 2-3 harrowings with blade harrow after rains.
  • Farmers are required to purchase the hybrid seed from authorised registered seed agent and ensure its viability
  • However, they need not renew seed stock of their improved varieties every year.
  • Using certified seed once obtained from authorised agencies/sources, interested farmers can easily meet their requirement of quality seeds and maintain the varieties for atleast 3-4 years without any appreciable deterioration.
  • Seed may be treated with Thiram or Bavistin 3g/kg seed to protect from seed borne diseases like Alternaria leaf blight, seedling blight and wilt.
  • A plant population of 55,500/ha has been found to be optimum for rainfed castor in all regions
  • For achieving required plant stands in dry lands, a seed rate of 10-15 kg/ha is adequate depending on seed size.
  • The optimum date of sowing for castor in Andhra Pradesh is first fortnight of June.
  • Plough with single seed drill help in placement of seed at appropriate moist zone and ensures better germination and growth.
  • As far as possible place the seed in a moist zone 10-12cm below the soil surface to ensure proper moist soil seed contact for sufficiently long period and thereby obtain good germination.

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